Wednesday, October 29, 2014
Severe storms that cause heavy damage throughout the world are a reminder of how important it is to be able to predict the weather. A meteorological exhibition in Brussels earlier this month featured the latest technology to help improve out ability to forecast the weather and better prepare for its effects. VOA’s George Putic has more
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Bahrain and Saudi Arabia have intensified brutality to maintain dictatorship in the countries, says a political commentator.Lawrence Davidson, a professor in West Chester University, said in an interview with Press TV that the Al Khalifa dynasty and the House of Saud have resorted to “brutal display of violence” in order to stifle democracy and opposition. The analyst went on to say that both Manama and Riyadh were facing the same challenges and “fighting the same battles.” Commenting on a recent ban by the Bahraini regime against the country’s prominent opposition party, al-Wefaq, ahead of the upcoming parliamentary elections, the commentator said the move shows the authorities in Manama do not tolerate any sort of dissent or even the most “harmless” opposition group. On Tuesday, the Manama administrative court imposed a three-month ban on al-Wefaq after it threatened to boycott the November 22 elections of the Council of Representatives. Al-Wefaq branded the court ruling “irrational and irresponsible,” saying, “The tyrannical dictatorship in Bahrain is ruling with an iron fist and moving to destroy the political and social life by blocking the people out.” The commentator concluded that the United States’ unconditional support for the Israeli regime and some Arab monarchies have encouraged them to engage in atrocities in the Middle East. Since mid-February 2011, thousands of protesters have held numerous demonstrations in the streets of Bahrain, calling for the Al Khalifa royal family to relinquish power. In March 2011, troops from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were called in to assist the Bahraini regime in its crackdown on the peaceful protests. Saudi Arabia has also witnessed demonstrations calling for an end to discrimination against the Shia population mainly in Eastern Province over the past few years.
Crimes Against Humanity - ISIL Claims Virgins Separated From Captured Women, Given As Award To Fighters
ISIL terrorist group revealed that when they seized the Yazidi region of Sinjar in northern Iraq in early August, ISIL terrorist group separated virgin girls from the rest of the captured women for the sole purpose of designating them to be given away as sex prizes to ISIL fighters.
By: Mirwais Jalalzai The remaining US forces in Afghanistan will follow and track the activities of neighbor countries of Afghanistan after 2014, Khalil Noori the president of a think tank focused on nonmilitary solutions for Afghanistan told Russian media. Noori further added that the United States will keep a small part of its forces in Afghanistan to have an opportunity to keep an eye on Russia, Iran, Pakistan and China. According to the US department of state, US force will end their combat operation by the end of 2014 but a small number of US forces will remain in the country to train and support the Afghan national forces. “Afghanistan used to be a ‘buffer state’ and will now be transformed into an “observation tower.” It is in a perfect strategic location for the United States to monitor nuclear Iran, nuclear Pakistan, Russia and China,” Khalil Nouri, President of the New World Strategies Coalition Inc., said on Thursday. According to Noori, the United States will leave some forces for the “long haul” despite the plans to extract all troops from Afghanistan, amid fears that the total pullout leaves a security vacuum. “Afghan security forces are still weak and may not be able to defend against the [Taliban] insurgency if all foreign troops leave prematurely,” he said. Around 10,000 US soldiers will remain in Afghanistan for long term according to BSA which was signed by national security adviser of Afghanistan and approved by the afghan president Ashraf Ghani. This comes as the US President Barack Obama announced back in May that the US forces would be completely withdrawn from Afghanistan by the end of 2016, putting an end to 13-year war aimed at dismantling the al Qaeda terrorist network. Obama had said a residual force of 9,800 would assist Afghan security forces at the beginning of 2015.
Director General Inter Services Public Relations (DG ISPR), Major General Asim Salim Bajwa said on Wednesday that Operation Zarb-e-Azb was proceeding successfully and as a result terrorism had decreased in Pakistan. Briefing the media here on Wednesday, Major General Bajwa said areas cleared of terrorists were being handed over to the administration while no timeframe could be given for the completion of Operation Zarb-e-Azb. The DG ISPR told media that Khyber-I Operation had been launched against terrorists who had fled to the Khyber Agency. He added that over 40 terrorists had been killed during the operation in Khyber Agency while over 100 terrorists had laid down their arms. The DG ISPR further said the operation would continue to target terrorist hideouts. 132 tonnes of explosives were recovered during the operation in North Waziristan which is being disabled. Major General Bajwa said the area beyond Dattakhel was being cleared and terrorist hideouts were being targeted on the basis of intelligence reports. The DG ISPR appealed to people to identify suspects and emphasised that Pakistan’s soil will not be allowed to be used for terrorism. Major General Bajwa told reporters that Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) was operating from Afghanistan stating that Fazullah and other groups had formed camps in Nuristan and Kunar. According to DG ISPR, provinces had sought security from the army during Muharram. “The army will be ready to assist where the need arises.”
The Daily StarA special tribunal in Dhaka today handed death penalty to Jamaat-e-Islami chief Motiur Rahman Nizami of four charges of war crimes, which include the killings of intellectuals at the fag end of the 1971 Liberation War. The 71-year-old has also been awarded life sentence in four other charges as the International Crimes Tribunal-1 found him guilty in total eight out of 16 charges levelled against him in a historic trial that began almost 40 years after Bangladesh's war of independence. The court said Nizami, though claimed to be an Islamic scholar, misinterpreted Quran to encourage his followers to conduct a massive genocide, advocate Haidar Ali, a member of the prosecution told journalists after the verdict. Meantime, the defence termed the verdict "not based on evidence", and said it would appeal against the verdict with the Supreme Court. "Whatever is being told against me is false," defence counsel Tajul Islam quoted the convict as saying in his reaction after the verdict. Hailing the verdict, different social-cultural organisations including Gonojagoron Mancha brought out processions in the capital, Dhaka. Nizami, Jamaat ameer since November 2000, has already been given death penalty in the sensational 10-truck arms haul case in January this year. President of the then Jamaat student wing Islami Chhatra Sangha that turned into Pakistan army's infamous auxiliary force Al-Badr during the Liberation War, was arrested on June 29, 2010, in a criminal case and later shown arrest in war crimes cases. With Nizami, six top Jamaat leaders have already been punished for their 1971 crimes. Two other top leaders are now being tried in war crimes tribunals the Awami League-led government formed in 2010 to bring the perpetrators of 1971 to book. Amid tightened security in and around the court premises, law enforcers took Nizami to ICT-1 premises around 9:20am. Transport movement was halted from Doel Chattar to High Court Mazar area since the morning in a move to ward off any attempt to create violence by Jamaat, which fought tooth and nail against the birth of Bangladesh in 1971, and his associate bodies. Five minutes after Nizami was produced before the tribunal, the judges took to the dais at 11:05am. M Enayetur Rahim, chairman of the three-member judges' panel of the International Crimes Tribunal-1, delivered an introductory speech for five minutes on why the judgement was delayed. He cited resignation of the tribunal chairman and the new chairman's going into retirement as key reasons for the delay in the much-awaited trial. Later, Justice Anwarul Haque explained the 16 charges levelled against Nizami. After he completed, the other judge of the panel, Justice Jahangir Hossain, started reading out summary of the 204-page verdict. Justice Enayetur Rahim pronounced the order. Earlier yesterday, Nizami was shifted from Kashimpur jail to Dhaka Central Jail around 8:00pm. There, jail doctors conducted a health check-up and found him sound, Farman Ali, senior jail super of Dhaka jail, told The Daily Star last night. Longest of war trial The ICT-1 framed 16 charges against Nizami on May 28, 2012. According to the charges, Nizami had conspired with the Pakistani army, planned and incited crimes; was complicit in murders, rapes, looting and destruction of property; and was responsible for commissioning of internationally recognised wartime crimes in 1971. But, it took around one and a half years for the completion of the trial, thanks to the lack of preparation of the prosecution and a range of dilatory tactics of the defence. The tribunal first kept the case awaiting verdict on November 13 last year. But the proceeding faced further delay when tribunal's chairman Justice ATM Fazle Kabir went on retirement without delivering the judgment. His successor reheard the closing arguments and kept the verdict waiting again on March 24. The tribunal could not deliver verdict on June 24 due to Nizami's sudden "illness" forcing the court to keep it waiting again. The Jamaat chief played a key role in forming the four-party alliance ahead of the 2001 election and led his party to taste state power along with their key ally the BNP. He and Jamaat's second man, Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mojaheed, who was convicted in war crimes last year, became members of Khaleda Zia's cabinet, amid protests from the country's pro-liberation minds.
A global report by the Geneva-based World Economic Forum shows that Pakistani women continue to face the world's worst inequality for access to health care, education, and employment. The annual Gender Gap Index, released on October 28, ranked Pakistan 141 out of 142 countries in the survey. It is the third consecutive year that Pakistan has received the second to last ranking. The report says the only country where women face worse inequality issues than Pakistan is Yemen. Iran was ranked 137th out of 142 countries. Tajikistan was 102nd, Azerbaijan 94th, Georgia 85th, Russia 75th, Romania 72nd, Macedonia 70th, Kyrgyzstan 67th, Ukraine 56th, Serbia 54th, Kazakhstan 43rd, Belarus 32nd, and Moldova 25th. Data was not available on Afghanistan, Iraq, Bosnia- Herzegovina, Kosovo, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Nordic nations led the world again in promoting equality of the sexes, with Iceland, Finland, Norway, Sweden, and Denmark in the top five places. The United States was ranked 20th.
Seven new polio cases were reported in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) on Tuesday, taking the country’s total number of cases to 227 in 2014. The National Institute of Health in Islamabad confirmed that seven infants were diagnosed with wild type-1 polio. Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria are the only three countries where polio, which can cause paralysis and death, remains endemic. Earlier, Fahimullah from Peshawar and Saima from Khyber Agency were identified as the latest victims of the virus. Both of them are only 10 months old. Later in the day, five more cases surfaced bringing the total number of victims in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to 46 and 148 in Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Twenty three polio cases have been reported in Sindh so far this year, three in Punjab and seven in Balochistan.
Pakistan - Adiala jail - Qadri’s little school of ignorance and violence - Blaspheming Against Humanity
His lust for blood remains unsatiated. He is locked up but not shut out. Before, he pulled the trigger on an unsuspecting man who had called for reform in Pakistan’s blasphemy laws which enable exploitation and blatant victimisation of minorities and Muslims. Now, having his gun taken away from him and confined to a life inside prison, Mumtaz Qadri is selling poison to those around him, including policemen, encouraging them to kill blasphemy accused and convicts to please God. An internal inquiry report reveals that Muhammad Yousaf, a prison guard who shot Muhammad Asghar – a 70 year old British national and a paranoid schizophrenic sentenced to death on blasphemy charges – had spent two weeks guarding Qadri, who incited him to commit murder. The report further reveals that two other policemen were under Qadri’s influence and willing to hunt down prisoners accused or sentenced over blasphemy charges. Qadri is not living the life of a convicted murderer. The prison is his safe abode, where he enjoys a rather special status, revered by fellow prisoners and the staff, who look towards him for religious guidance. Who is responsible for this serious security lapse, allowing Adiala jail to become Qadri’s little school of ignorance and violence? There are reports that Qadri has now taken his student Muhammad Yousaf into ‘protection’. Reports suggest that local clerics and seminary students provide Qadri with “men” to make it possible. Why is a convicted murderer being allowed to wield influence, wherein he is not only able to incite murder but also offer protection to those who obey? More importantly, who is giving him permission? Who is looking the other way? Pakistan’s prisons are no less chaotic and mismanaged than the situation outside them. They remain obscure, wanting for attention and reform, as matters go from bad to worse. Perhaps the country’s courts, police, Parliament and the public at large should take responsibility for crimes committed against individuals in blasphemy cases. Judges who send both sane and mentally challenged individuals to jails despite insufficient evidence, police officials who negotiate with and protect zealots instead of taking them to task, parliamentarians whose lips remain sealed as tragedies unfold and the people who struggle to express outrage over crimes committed in the name of religion – everyone is responsible and no one is willing to acknowledge it. How we deal with such issues as a country is utterly disgraceful. And when someone actually dares to take a stand, like Salman Taseer, Shahbaz Bhatti and Rashid Rehman – we shoot them dead and become heroes, aspiring more evil and carnage. The country’s elected Prime Minister will not side with the fallen nor will those who wish to oust him. Changing faces, it would appear, will not change the fate of victims.
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) has finally decided to quit the National Assembly. The resignations of its 25 MNAs were lying with the Speaker for the last two months almost and in spite of his repeated requests to the PTI leadership to follow parliamentary rules, none of the resigning legislators felt the need to tender their resignations singly. Now, after a final notification from the Speaker, they will go en masse to the National Assembly on October 29 to do the needful. The government did not want to accept the resignations and had been waiting for some wisdom to dawn on the PTI leadership. But months of patient waiting has done nothing except increase Imran’s obduracy in not settling for anything short of the prime minister’s resignation. PTI will resign from the Punjab and Sindh Assemblies as well, and in consistent vein will not contest any by-elections. However, the party has decided to retain its government in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), because it is the only province, according to the PTI, where rigging has not been found. This politics of expediency rather than principle is more staggering than the ‘bogus’ parliament Imran wants to relieve himself from. For the next four years, the party will sit outside parliament and still play the role of an opposition. After Muharram 10, the PTI will conduct two rallies every week in different cities. How long this process will continue, we do not know. The PTI’s departure from parliamentary politics to the politics of agitation is a unique example that might even fail to set any precedent except becoming an addition to the political baggage the country is straddled with already. Pakistan’s history of parliamentary government has been a history of expedient politicians who would dispose of the system if need be to bring themselves to power. Every dictator had come and ruled with the support of some politicians. After Musharraf’s coup and with the signing of the Charter of Democracy, followed by the PPP’s policy of reconciliation after the 2008 elections and PML-N’s restrained opposition, democracy was strengthened by restoring parliament to its rightful status as the central institution. Whatever the performance of the previous government, its efforts at bringing power back to parliament and making it a true representative of the people cannot be discounted. The 18th Amendment strengthened the federation and felicitated participatory democracy. The so-called attempt by the third force to cause the political process to flounder was pre-empted by the general agreement among the political parties to stay united and for the first time in the history of Pakistan a smooth democratic transition from one government to another was made possible. The country has come a long way and Imran Khan is hell-bent to wash away all this good only to come to power, because he thinks only he can take this country out of its problems. He could be right, if we give him the benefit of the doubt, but his insistence to wrap up the system prematurely for a short cut to power reflects his impatience with the parliamentary system that requires him to wait for five years to seek a fresh mandate. This is hardly an effort towards a Naya (new) Pakistan. Other than adding more issues to the ever increasing list of problems, Imran’s agitation will serve no purpose. If he is concerned about Pakistan, he should go back to parliament and conduct politics through the mandate given to him by his supporters in the 2013 elections. By boycotting parliament and keeping himself out of the system, Imran is deceiving the very people who see him as their saviour. Already Pakistan Awami Tehreek and Pakistan Muslim League-Q have announced to participate in the by-elections. Who will raise the voice of PTI’s supporters in parliament? Will the PTI be able to influence parliamentary decisions having far-reaching effects on its constituents? What about the elections reform committee and PTI’s eagerness to influence it? Those in parliament will have a greater say and power to affect the system than the PTI. Imran should understand that parliament and not street agitation is the unmistakable path to a better Pakistan.
A resolution for Nobel laureate Malala Yousafzai has got stuck in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly secretariat as Jamaat-i-Islami, a partner of the Pakistan Tehreek-i- Insaf-led ruling coalition in the province, has made its inclusion in the house’s agenda conditional on the tabling of a similar resolution for scientist Dr Aafia Siddiqui imprisoned in the US over links to terrorists. Law and parliamentary affairs minister Imtiaz Shahid Qureshi told Dawn that PTI would support its coalition partner on the matter. He expressed ignorance about keeping the resolution pending in the assembly secretariat. The minister said some lawmakers had reservations about the resolution and was not sure if the Awami National Party would gather support of the opposition parties in favour of its pro-Malala move. Notably PTI chairman Imran Khan had congratulated Malala on winning Nobel Peace Prize. However, the PTI-led provincial government did not issue any statement to praise the teenage activist for girls’ education. ANP MPA Syed Jafar Shah had submitted the resolution to the assembly secretariat on October 20, which has so far not been brought on the house’s agenda. Jafar Shah told reporters that he had requested Speaker Asad Qaisar to put the resolution on the agenda but the latter showed reluctance. “It may create problems for us,” Jafar Shah quoted Speaker Asad Qaisar as saying during a meeting. He said the Senate, National Assembly and Punjab and Sindh assemblies had passed resolutions to congratulate Malala Yousafzai on receiving Nobel Peace Prize. The MPA said Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif had announced to establish a university in the name of Malala. He said the young activist belonged to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and therefore, the provincial assembly should take the lead. “I don’t know why the government is so scared about the resolution,” he said, adding that he had suggested in his resolution that the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government should set up university in the name of the Nobel laureate. When the house began proceedings on Tuesday, Pakistan People’s Party MPA Nighat Orakzai through a point of order drew Speaker Asad Qaisar’s attention towards the resolution. She said not only Malala Yousafzai was a national hero but she was an international icon as well. Orakzai said Malala’s efforts for the promotion of education had been recognised around the world and that she was given the Nobel Peace Prize and other international awards in recognition of her courage and contributions for the promotion of education. “This is very unfortunate that a resolution submitted by a member of the opposition has been intentionally blocked,” she said, asking the chair to bring the resolution for Malala on the house’s agenda. The MPA said the treasury and opposition should unanimously pass resolution. Lawmaker of Jamaat-i-Islami Mohammad Ali Khan said Dr Aafia Siddiqui was the daughter of the nation and that he had great contributions for Islam. He said the house should pass a joint resolution for Dr Aafia and Malala. Speaker Asad Qaisar remained silent on the point of order raised by Nighat Orakzai and moved to the agenda. Insiders said Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam-Fazl, which had been opposing Nobel Peace Prize for Malala, was also not in favour of the resolution. A JUI-F MPA told Dawn in the assembly’s lobby that his party might not support the resolution. “I have informed my friends (ANP lawmakers) that he will not support the resolution,” he said, adding everybody knew the motive behind the award of Nobel Peace Prize to Malala. In January this year, the provincial government had stopped a civil society organisation from organising a ceremony at the University of Peshawar to launch the book of the Nobel laureate, I am Malala. Similarly, the banned militant outfit, Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan, had warned leading booksellers against selling the book. Also, the house admitted an adjournment motion about the prevailing law and order situation in the province for detailed discussion. JUI-F member Mufti Syed Janan, who moved the motion, portrayed the worst scenario in the province. He said 44 policemen and other officials were killed in Peshawar in 2013 and the number had reached 138 in the current year. The MPA said the nighttime flight operations at the Bacha Khan International Airport had been suspended due to the recent firing incident. He said the government had failed to provide protection to citizens and that the government’s writ had been confined to the Civil Secretariat and Police Lines. Later, the Delimitation of Local Councils Ordinance, 2014 and Local Government (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 2014 were tabled in the house. The assembly passed the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Civil Servants Retirement Benefits and Death Compensation Bill, 2014 after incorporating several amendments of the opposition in it.
Books - Malala: The girl who stood up for education and changed the world by Malala Yousafzai - review
'In light of her attainment of the Nobel Peace Prize this book is more relevant than ever. Malala tells a story that demands to be heard!'
She fought with words when they fought with guns. She spoke for education when they spread ignorance. She stared death in the face and walked away.At the age of just 15 Malala Yousafzai was shot in the head by the Taliban – she survived! Now she is a famous political activist, continuing her campaign for education, equality and peace for every child, everywhere. In light of her attainment of the Nobel Peace Prize this book is more relevant than ever. Malala tells a story that demands to be heard! Written as an autobiography Malala talks of her life as an early child, the Taliban occupation and being shot, all the way through to her 16th Birthday when she addressed the UN assembly. We are carried through her love for Ugly Betty, Twilight and gossiping with friends, showing in many ways Malala is simply an ordinary girl. Yet, thrown into extraordinary circumstances she had the bravery to continue to speak out and campaign for education and equality, making her a truly inspirational person. Although I would not recommend this book as a sequel to Yousafzai's first autobiography I am Malala, it stands alone as a brilliant story set to inspire the youth of today. The way in which my world differs from Malala's home in the Swat Valley is part of what makes her so inspirational. We all have the right to education, to equality and the right to speak out for what we believe in; fortunately, thanks to people such as Malala these human rights may one day become realities. A true story of love, loss and tremendous courage, showing how a single voice can change the world.She changed the world...
http://www.thedailystar.net/Jamaat-e-Islami Ameer Motiur Rahman Nizami has been taken to the tribunal, which is set to deliver the long-awaited verdict in the war crimes cases against him today, more than four months after the deferment of the judgment in June. Security has been beefed up in and around the court premises to ward off violence centring the pronouncement of the verdict. Members of law enforcing agencies including police and Rapid Action Battalion have taken position at all the entries of the tribunal and on the rooftop of the adjacent buildings. Transport movement remains halted from Doel Chattar to High Court Mazar since morning ahead of the verdict. To ward off violence centring the pronouncement of the verdict, authorities yesterday deployed paramilitary Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB) at different parts of the country including the capital. Earlier, Nizami entered the court premises around 9:20am. He is expected to be produced before the court around 10:30am. The 71-year-old is facing 16 war crimes charges, including his role in eliminating the Bangalee intelligentsia just before Bangladesh's victory on December 16 in the 1971 Liberation War. After a 22-month trial proceedings, the International Crimes Tribunal-1 led by its Chairman Justice M Enayetur Rahim yesterday fixed today to pronounce the verdict. The judgment is going to be delivered nearly a year after the completion of the trial proceedings, which went through different hurdles, including tribunal reconstitution, rehearing of closing arguments and deferment of the verdict. Nizami, Jamaat Ameer since November 2000, was shifted from Kashimpur jail to Dhaka Central Jail around 8:00pm yesterday. There, jail doctors conducted a health check-up and found him sound, Farman Ali, senior jail super of Dhaka jail, told The Daily Star last night. Nizami, president of the then Jamaat-e-Islami student wing Islami Chhatra Sangha that turned into Pakistan army's auxiliary force Al-Badr during the Liberation War, was arrested on June 29, 2010, in a criminal case and later shown arrest in war crimes cases. The ICT-1 framed 16 charges against Nizami on May 28, 2012. According to the charges, Nizami had conspired with the Pakistani army, planned and incited crimes; was complicit in murders, rapes, looting and destruction of property; and was responsible for commissioning of internationally recognised wartime crimes in 1971. But, it took around one and a half years for the completion of the trial, thanks to the lack of preparation of the prosecution and a range of dilatory tactics of the defence. The tribunal first kept the case awaiting verdict on November 13 last year. But the proceeding faced further delay when tribunal's chairman Justice ATM Fazle Kabir went on retirement without delivering the judgment. His successor reheard the closing arguments and kept the verdict waiting again on March 24. The tribunal could not deliver verdict on June 24 due to Nizami's sudden “illness” forcing the court to keep it waiting again. However, Nizami has already been given death penalty in the sensational 10-truck arms haul case in January this year. The Jamaat chief played a key role in forming the four-party alliance ahead of the 2001 election and led his party, which fought tooth and nail against the birth of Bangladesh, to taste state power along with their key ally the BNP. He and Jamaat's second man Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mojaheed, who was convicted in war crimes last year, became members of Khaleda Zia's cabinet, amid protests from the country's pro-liberation minds. Five top Jamaat leaders have already been punished for their 1971 crimes and three other top leaders are being tried in two war crimes tribunals.
India s top counter-terrorism agency has uncovered a suspected plot by a banned militant group to assassinate the prime minister of Bangladesh and carry out a coup, three senior Indian security officials told Reuters on Tuesday. India will hand over a dossier to Bangladesh with details of the plan by members of the Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen, which has carried out scores of attacks in India s eastern neighbor, the government and police officials said. Bangladesh did not comment directly on the assertions that Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina had been the target of a plot, but said it had tightened security on the border with India. The alleged conspiracy was discovered after two members of the group were killed in an explosion while building homemade bombs at a house in West Bengal in eastern India earlier this month. Indian police say the militants were Bangladeshis and were using India as a safe haven to plan the attacks. The strategy was to hit the political leaders of the country and demolish the democratic infrastructure of Bangladesh, said a senior Indian Home (interior) Ministry official, who spoke on condition of anonymity. This was all being planned on Indian soil and we could have been blamed if there was an attack.