Monday, November 4, 2013
Last week, an SUV careered along a pavement in front of the portrait of Mao Zedong to the north of Tiananmen Square, ploughed into a crowd and burst into flames, killing three occupants in the car and two pedestrians, and injuring some 40 other people. After two days of silence, the authorities said it was a terrorist attack that had been "carefully planned, organised and premeditated" by several people from Xinjiang . The perpetrators had been identified as the three occupants of the car, Usmen Hasan, his wife and his mother. A petrol container, an iron rod, two machetes and a flag imprinted with an extremist religious message were found in the car. Within 10 hours of the car crash, the police had caught five suspects in connection with the attack. Although Beijing tried to play down the ethnic identity of these Xinjiang people, their distinctive names draw a clear link to China's Uygur ethnic minority. The Tiananmen attack signals that Chinese domestic terrorism may have reached a new dimension, in terms of the devastation and impact it generates, for three reasons.First, it was the first terrorist attack in Beijing. To make things worse, the attack occurred on the verge of Tiananmen Square, the very heart of the capital city and the nation's political centre. The symbolic intent of the attack cannot be understated. Terrorist violence had previously been confined to Xinjiang in the far west, but authorities had long been apprehensive about an attack in the heart of the nation. Now that the day has come, the Chinese government may feel a compelling need to prevent copycat actions by tightening security not only in Beijing but also in other eastern population centres. Second, it was probably the first successful suicide attack in China. A similar case was the horrendous - albeit low-profile, for complicated reasons - suicide bombing plot targeting a Beijing-bound passenger plane in 2008. If that had not been foiled, it would have caused a catastrophe. By any means, the Tiananmen attack can be categorised as a suicide attack, generally a phenomenon that occurs outside China, in the context of the global jihad waged by militant Islamists. Suicide attacks are usually carried out by an individual wearing an explosive vest or driving a vehicle filled with explosives. Today, terrorist organisations around the world rely increasingly on such attacks, because they are lethal, inexpensive, accurate, secure and shocking. Suicide bombings are terrifying; a mere rumour of an impending attack can cause great panic and paranoia. It is for these reasons that they have spread from the Middle East to Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Russia, the United States, and now to China. Third, the suicide attack involved female bombers, whose participation signals a dangerous trend, if not a turning point, with regard to the security situation in China. The wife and mother in the Tiananmen attack, together with the 19-year-old Uygur woman plotting to bomb the Beijing-bound plane, bring to mind the female Tamil Tiger warriors in Sri Lanka and the "black widows" of Chechnya. In an interview, Rebiya Kadeer, the exiled political leader of the Uygur community, chose to justify the Tiananmen attack, saying that the Uygurs might have done it out of desperation "because there is no channel for the Uygur people to seek redress". In the US, State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki declined to call the incident a terrorist attack, and reaffirmed American support for Uygur human rights. Apparently, both women tried to avoid condemning what is believed to be a terrorist attack. Although terrorism is understandably difficult to define, there should be a minimum consensus that any deliberate attack on innocent civilians is unacceptable. Terrorism is the common enemy of all the people and the countries in the world. The UN General Assembly has stressed on many occasions its unequivocal condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, committed by whomever, wherever and for whatever purposes. In a nutshell, nothing can justify terrorism. Owing to the escalation of terrorist violence, Chinese citizens expect their government more than ever to protect them, but counterterrorism is not an easy job. The reality is that no society is immune from terrorism, just as nobody is immune from cancer. As a rule, suicide attacks are not the desperate acts of lone outlaws, but are undertaken by motivated individuals in broader social conditions that breed terrorism. For the government, the right response is not to fall victim to the psychological paralysis that suicide terrorists aim to achieve, but to take concrete measures to address the breeding conditions.
US drone strikes trouble Pakistan's politicians, but peace talks with the Taliban leader may well have come to nothing
Samira ShackleHakimullah Mehsud, leader of the Taliban in Pakistan, was killed in a US drone strike on Saturday. Photograph: Ishtiaq Mehsud/AP Hakimullah Mehsud, leader of the Pakistani Taliban, was responsible for the deaths of thousands of innocent Pakistanis. Under his leadership, the Taliban targeted Pakistani soldiers and civilians, slaughtered Shia Muslims and almost derailed this year's general election by selectively targeting liberal parties. Yet the news of Mehsud's death in a US drone strike on Saturday has not been unanimously well received. The interior minister, Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan, sounded as if he was in mourning when he said: "This is not just the killing of one person, it's the death of all peace efforts." Imran Khan, who heads the provincial government in the north-western province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, has reiterated a threat to block Nato vehicles from passing through his province unless drone strikes are discontinued. While journalists and others pointed out that Mehsud was terrorising the population of Pakistan, most politicians sounded ambivalent at best. This reaction is partly the result of immediate political concerns. The conservative government of Nawaz Sharif came to power in May on a platform of peace talks with the Taliban and action against drone strikes. A few weeks ago, Mehsud took the unusual step of giving an interview to the BBC in which he said that his organisation was open to talks. Politicians from both Sharif and Khan's parties are presenting Mehsud's death as a devastating blow to these efforts. Nisar and others have even suggested the US deliberately timed the strike to undermine dialogue. The Tehreek e Taliban Pakistan (TTP), which Mehsud had led since 2009, has tentatively said that talks may still go ahead, but it is likely that Mehsud's death will delay the process. Of course, the overblown rhetoric coming from politicians fails to acknowledge that talks with the Taliban were at an embryonic stage. Mehsud's outlandish conditions for dialogue included the imposition of a harsh version of Islamic law across the country. Peace talks with the TTP have taken place before, and have always ended in failure, so it perhaps an over-statement to imply that had Mehsud survived, peace in Pakistan would have prevailed. Drone strikes, however, remain politically difficult. The public is divided, but the prevailing mood – encouraged by politicians – is that their use is yet another US violation of Pakistan's sovereignty. As always in Pakistan, the real picture is complex (many people in the areas most affected by terrorism actually support drone attacks, despite civilian deaths), but anti-Americanism is also rife. Even if a common enemy has been killed, it is difficult to celebrate if it is the result of Americans intruding on Pakistani soil. In Pakistan, it can be difficult to have any political discussion without the blame eventually being pinned on America. This paranoia is the result of years of perceived – and often real – double-crossing by the Americans. The confused reaction that results is reflected in how people who deplore terrorism and hate the TTP speak admiringly of the Afghan Taliban because they are standing up to American invaders. Pakistan has taken a heavy toll in the war on terror. At least 35,000 people have died in terrorist violence since 2001, a figure that dwarfs the combined death toll in all western countries. Ultimately, the death of a single Taliban leader will make little difference to the group's campaign of terror as the power structures are decentralised enough to absorb such losses. Which begs the question: what hope is there for peace? Clearly, the leaders of Pakistan and the US have yet to find any credible options.
By Ernesto Londoño The United States is withdrawing troops from Afghanistan having lost its battle against the country’s narcotics industry, marking one of the starkest failures of the 2009 strategy the Obama administration pursued in an effort to turn around the war. Despite a U.S. investment of nearly $7 billion since 2002 to combat it, the country’s opium market is booming, propelled by steady demand and an insurgency that has assumed an increasingly hands-on role in the trade, according to law enforcement officials and counternarcotics experts. As the war economy contracts, opium poppies, which are processed into heroin, are poised to play an ever larger role in the country’s economy and politics, undercutting two key U.S. goals: fighting corruption and weakening the link between the insurgency and the drug trade.
BalochwarnaThe central organising committee of Baloch Liberation Party has unanimously decided to change the party’s name to Balochistan Independence Movement (BIM) on Saturday. “The party’s flag and aims and objectives will remain unchanged, we have only decide to change the name of the party,” The BLP said in a press release. The meeting also discussed regional and international issues.The BIM said that Baloch struggle for freedom has succeeded in gaining a space on international agendas and it was becoming clear on international level that Baloch have no other demand than the freedom of Balochistan. “Provincial autonomy, fare share in power and other state narratives are contrary to Baloch demands because Balochistan is an occupied territory and Baloch sovereignty has been violated. Baloch are in a state of war from past many years and only the establishment of a free Baloch state under supervision of international guarantors can end this war,” the BIM said in its press release. They further said China was betraying the ideology of Chairman Mao by siding with brutal state of Pakistan and giving assistance to Pakistan to crush the Baloch freedom struggle. The meeting lauded the international community for supporting Baloch point view in relation to Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline. They said the United Nations and the rest world should pressurise China to its activities and leave Balochistan. The Balochistan Independence Movement also announced to support the shutter down call of Baloch Salvation Front on Baloch Martyrs Day, 13 November. They appeal the Baloch nation and business owners to support the shutter-down call. The BIM said: “This day is a day to remember the Baloch national martyrs and pay tribute to them. This is also the day to renew the resolve to continue the struggle for a free united and independent Baloch national sate.”
http://balochwarna.com/A large number of Baloch tribal elders and political activists greeted the protest march of Voice for Baloch Missing Persons in Surab yesterday as they visited the grave of Jalil Reki Baloch. The participants of the march have reached to Anjeera last night and will be walking towards Khuzdar today. Talking to media person the vice chairman of Voice for Baloch Missing Persons, Qadeer Baloch said that many people were bothered by the popularity of the long march and they have started to pressurise families of the participants, adding that: “houses of several people have been raided for supporting the long march.” He vowed that the march will continue till the final destination. “Those who thought we will get tired in a day or two should know that blood is gashing from feet our sisters and daughters but they are determined to continue the march at all costs,” said Qadeer Baloch. Voice for Baloch Missing Persons Secretary General Banuk Farzana Majeed Baloch strongly condemned the print and electric media for ignoring the march. She said there are women and children participating in the peaceful protest march but media is completely turning a blind eye which shows media’s unfair attitude against Baloch people. She further said: “The media should tell us what our fault is and why they are ignoring our march for the recovery of our loved ones. We have been marching for past eight days but the media is completely silent and by ignoring our peaceful and democratic protest the media is pushing us against the wall.” The Voice for Baloch Missing Persons leaders have urged the Baloch youth and Baloch writers to highlight the ‘VBMP Long March’ as much as they can to let the international community know about this historical peaceful march and urge the international media to give coverage to the plight of enforced-disappeared activists in Balochistan.
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry defended on Monday the drone strike that killed the Pakistani Taliban leader but added that Washington was sensitive to any Pakistani concerns, after Islamabad denounced the attack as a blow to peace talks. Hakimullah Mehsud, who took over as the leader of the al Qaeda-linked Pakistani Taliban in 2009, was killed on Friday, along with three others, in a U.S. drone strike in northwest Pakistan. The Pakistani government denounced Mehsud's killing as a U.S. bid to derail peace talks and summoned the U.S. ambassador on Saturday to complain. Some politicians called for blocking U.S. military supply lines into Afghanistan.Kerry said that while he welcomed any discussions "we are sensitive to the concerns of the country and we look forward to working very closely with the government of Pakistan." "We intend to continue to work together with them (Pakistanis) through the strategic dialogue that we have established in order to work through these kinds of challenges." He added of Mehsud: "This is a man who absolutely is known to have targeted and killed many Americans, many Afghans and many Pakistanis. A huge number of Pakistanis have died at the hands of Mehsud and his terrorist organization."
by Sarah KhanPakistani bloggers continue to ignore target killing of Ahmadiyya Muslims by Deobandi terrorists Within the last week, the third member of an Ahmadiya Muslim family in Karachi has been martyred by the Takfiri Deobandi terrorists of Sipah-e-Sahaba (ASWJ-LeJ, allied with Deobandi Taliban TTP). His killing is part of an ongoing wave of target killing of Ahmadiyya Muslims all over Pakistan and more specifically in Karachi. According to Asian Human Rights Commission’s report (4 Nov 2013): “Mr. Bashir Ahmad Kiyani (70), was murdered as a result of religious hatred in Karachi. He was shot dead while on his way to Friday Prayer Services at the nearby Mosque in Korangi, Karachi. In the last three months both Mr. Kiyani’s son and son-in-law were also killed by Muslim fundamentalists. According to the details known, Mr. Bashir Ahmad Kiyani and an Ahmadi child was going to the Ahmadiyya worship place “Baitul Hamd” when unknown assailants opened fire at both of them. Mr. Kiyani received one bullet in the temple and two in the chest while the child was struck in the leg. They were immediately shifted to the nearest hospital where Mr. Kiyani succumbed to the injuries; the child’s condition is stable. Mr. Kiyani is survived by his widow and five children. His body was brought to Rabwah where a great number of citizens attended funeral prayers” We all know that Pakistan’s corporate media is beholden to the ISI-sponsored Deobandi terrorists (aka Taliban and ASWJ-LeJ), and just as they have muffled the ongoing Shia Genocide in Pakistan, they have also been mute on the ongoing killings of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community. In this deafening silence of acquiescence, where are the voices of Pakistan’s much trumped “alternative media”? Where are the Friday Times, Kala Kawa, New Pakistan, Pak Tea House, My Bit for Change, Teeth Maestro, Bolo Bhi and Five Rupees? Where are Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy, Sana Saleem, Raza Rumi, Ejaz Haider and Nadeem F. Paracha? Why are they silent on the identity of the target killed (Ahmadiyya Muslims) and the target killers (Deobandi terrorists)? Why don’t they write blog posts, start hash-tags, participate in national and international campaigns to highlight the identity of the target killed and the killers? Why are they hiding that more than 100 Ahmadiyya Muslims were massacred in two mosques in Lahore by none elese than Deobandi terrorists of ASWJ-LeJ sponsored by PML-N, ISI and Saudi Arabia? If Shia Genocide can be obfuscated by misrepresenting it as “Iran-Saudi” proxy war, what about the continued killings of Ahmadiyya Muslims by the same ASWJ-Taliban nexus that also has the blood of Christains, Shias and Sunni Barelvis (Sufis) on its hands? It is one thing to suck up to one another on social media and stifle debate so that no one is left out of the gravy train at the next Social Media Forum or Literary festival. It is one thing for Nadeem Paracha and Rumi to constantly praise pro-establishment pro-PMLN propagandist Najam Sethi on social media. But should this be at the cost of silence on the continued killings of Ahmadi Muslims? With his close connections to the Sharifs and with his promotion of ASWJ via The Friday Times blog (edited by Raza Rumi) and Geo TV, we all know why Najam Sethi and his cohorts will be silent against the repeated violence by ASWJ-Taliban against Ahmadi Muslims. Instead they are busy in promoting Deobandi clerics who openly spew venom against Shias, Ahmadis, Sunni Barelvis and Christians. Who has not seen the youtube clip in which a Deobandi cleric threatened Shahbaz Bhatti Shaheed, the same cleric was promoted as a prophet of peace by the TFT blog editor. But what about the rest of Pakistani bloggers, Twitterati and social media activists? Where are their voices in the explicit condemnation of Deobandi terrorists of ASWJ-LeJ. It seems that it is not fashionable to condemn Deobandi terrorists in Pakistan’s self-proclaimed “alternative media”! - See more at: http://lubpak.com/archives/288709#sthash.vDIKUGqB.dpuf
Where is the outrage when Shias, Christians, Hazaras, and other religious groups are bombed and assassinated in the name of religion?The recent weeks witnessed wide scale protests in Pakistan in support of Muslim Brotherhood, highlighting the atrocities going on in Egypt committed by the army allegedly with the support of the West. Egypt is indeed going through a severe crisis and conflict, where both official and unofficial sources have confirmed scores of Egyptian deaths — which is condemnable and unacceptable. But again, the Muslim or Western Conspiracy theory is emanating from the protests in Pakistan, calling for the restoration of democracy in Egypt and an end to “Muslim” killings. Those who view Egypt as an Islamic State fail realize that the country has a greater influence of secularism compared many Muslim countries. Egypt’s long-term fruitful ties with Israel are a good example of that. Many Pakistani protestors ignored the fact that more than 47 Coptic Egyptian Churches have been burnt, destroyed, or looted during the conflict, making the Copts as equal victims. The attackers were not non-Muslims from the West. And thus the Muslims are not the lone victims. If protests are to be made, they should be made to support the Muslims in Egypt as well, but that is where Pakistan’s current religious and social dilemma comes into play. Pakistan also recently saw a major suicide attack on a Cathedral in Peshawar, killing more than 80 innocent Christians. Even though the attack targeted Pakistanis because of their religious background, there were no major protests by Muslims in support of their Christian compatriots. There is a general perception that only “Sunni” Muslims are the true Muslims, without giving space to other sects. This mindset plays a negative role in tolerance for non-Muslims from the ultra conservative Muslims in the country. Furthermore, amid all these developments, many protests for Egypt arranged by religious parties are calling for restoration of democracy in Egypt. Such demonstrations coming from parties, such as Jamaat e Islami and Jamiat e Ulema e Islam, which have remained avid supporters of dictatorships in the past is somehow baffling. Also, another irony in these protests is that for the same religious parties, democracy is incompatible for Pakistan, as their manifestos call for implementation of Islamic law in the country. On the other hand, these parties have also shied away from condemning their chief financiers, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates, who announced support for the Egyptian dictatorship, coupled with proposing multibillion aid packages. A further saddening fact is when in Pakistan or other Muslim states, the common people – including minorities or people from other sects – are killed by militants, none of these parties, or even the people, come forward to protest against the known culprits. Nothing is wrong with protesting for a country where people are dying. What’s wrong is the discrepancy and double standards resulting in ignorance of atrocities occurring at home. The sole problem with these protests is that most of them are based on the rhetoric that “Sunni brethren” in Egypt are persecuted. Why can’t the same people protest when Shias, Christians, Hazaras, or other religious minority groups are bombed and assassinated in the name of religion? Why can’t the people be equally vocal and come forward for the Christians, and other non-Muslims whose places of worship are burnt on allegations of blasphemy? And why can’t the people protest for the inequality faced by non-Sunni Pakistanis in various ways of life. The West may have different standards for democracy when it comes to Muslims, but as Muslims do we have the same standards for humanity and human lives? For that purpose, let us leave the Egyptian uprising as a normal political process, that they would go through, and thus would need our lecturing on whether to allow a dictator or not. It’s their country to manage; let us focus on our own, and set our own house in order first.
http://www.rferl.org/The United States has brushed aside claims that a drone strike that killed Pakistani Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud had destroyed the country's nascent peace process. A State Department official said that talks with the militants are an "internal matter for Pakistan." "We refer you to the government of Pakistan for further details," the statement added. It insisted Pakistan and the United States had a "shared strategic interest in ending extremist violence." It also said it could not confirm that Mehsud had been killed in Pakistan’s tribal northwest on November 1. Earlier on November 2, Pakistan's interior minister slammed the U.S. strike that killed Mehsud as an "attack on the peace process." Chaudhry Nisar said "every aspect" of Pakistan's cooperation with the United States would be reviewed. "It is not the killing of one person or many people. It is the killing of peace efforts in this region," Nisar said. "This is a secret attack on peace process. This drone strike has not been carried out by Pakistan. As I am speaking to you, we have summoned the U.S. ambassador [to protest the strike]." The Pakistani foreign office said Mehsud's death was "counterproductive to Pakistan's efforts to bring peace and stability to Pakistan and the region." Information Minister Pervez Rashid said: "We will not allow the peace talks to be killed." Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif had pledged to talk with the Taliban to try to end its campaign of violence, which has left thousands of people dead in bombings and shootings. Also on November 2, the Taliban's ruling council reportedly nominated a new leader to replace Mehsud: Khan Said, also known as Sajna. Mehsud took over the Pakistani Taliban in August 2009 after a drone strike killed the previous leader. The Pakistani Taliban is an umbrella of militant groups separate from but allied with the Afghan Taliban.
Experts say that instead of expressing anger and grief over the killing of the Pakistani Taliban's leader Mehsud in a US drone strike, Islamabad should use it as an opportunity to tame the Islamist militants.
PPP Senior leaders meet with Former President Asif Ali Zardari, overall political situation discussed
A Pakistani court has granted bail to former military ruler Pervez Musharraf over the 2007 army operation to oust militants from Islamabad's Red Mosque. The court approved bail on condition Mr Musharraf pay bonds totalling $2,000. BBC correspondents say he has now been bailed in all the cases against him, which makes it likely he will be released from house arrest. But the former general remains on a government exit control list and cannot leave the country. Speaking outside the court, his lawyer said Mr Musharraf had no intention of leaving Pakistan.
Pakistan’s 'outrage’ over last week’s strike is merely more cover for its own inadequacies
A U.S. lawmaker whose committee oversees the intelligence community on Sunday defended the drone strike that killed a Pakistani Taliban leader and said it would help keep American troops safe. Representative Mike Rogers, who chairs the House of Representatives' permanent intelligence committee, said the slain militant, Hakimullah Mehsud, was a "bad guy" who was connected to attacks against Pakistani soldiers and to the Taliban in Afghanistan, which has forced closures of many schools for girls. "This was a bad guy," Rogers said on CBS' "Face the Nation." "There's some information recently that concerned us about the safety of our troops. I feel a little better for our troops today than I did before this event happened." Mehsud, who took over as the leader of the al Qaeda-linked Pakistani Taliban in 2009, was killed on Friday, along with three others, in a U.S. drone strike in northwest Pakistan. The Pakistani government denounced the killing as an attempt by the United States to interfere with peace talks between Pakistan's government and the Taliban. Pakistani officials said they would review ties with Washington and some politicians there called for blocking critical U.S. military supply lines into Afghanistan. The Pakistani Taliban has beheaded Pakistani soldiers and orchestrated suicide bombings that have killed thousands of civilians. Rogers also said Mehsud had ties to a failed attempt to bomb New York's Times Square in 2010. He said U.S. intelligence agencies, including the embattled National Security Agency, collect and contribute the kinds of information that make such strikes possible. "We deal with these threats every single day, and they are big, they are real and they affect real people," Rogers said. "And I'll tell you, we should protect our soldiers in the field and we should also protect their families who are here back in the United States. And we should use every means that is legal, protects civil liberties and gets the job done." He and Senator Dianne Feinstein, who heads the Senate intelligence committee, defended the NSA, which has come under heavy criticism for weeks for reportedly listening into the phone conversations of U.S. allies, including German Chancellor Angela Merkel. U.S. officials have maintained that President Barack Obama was unaware that Merkel and other leaders were being monitored. The White House has halted some of the surveillance programs, such as those focused on the International Monetary Fund and World Bank headquarters. Rogers said the intelligence agencies are the "good guys," and that some U.S. and foreign officials likely knew more about the spying than they let on. "I think there are going to be some 'best actor' awards coming out of the White House this year and some 'best supporting actor' awards coming out of Europe," he said. Feinstein, who also appeared on "Face the Nation" on Sunday, said the uproar over the spying was more of a political issue than a liability for the intelligence agency.
Iranian Oil Minister Bijan Namdar Zanganeh reportedly stated in Dubai that "the contract for supplying gas to Pakistan is likely to be annulled," and cited Pakistan's inability to pay for the cost of laying the pipeline as the major impediment to its implementation. His assessment was based on the government of Pakistan's recent request to the Iranian government to extend financial assistance of 2 billion dollars that would enable it to lay the pipeline on its side of the border. The question arises as to whether this is the sole reason behind Zanganeh's recent prognosis on the likelihood of project implementation. Informed sources within the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources told Business Recorder that the PML-N government had requested Iran to renegotiate the price of gas. Dr Salman Shah, Advisor to Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz on Finance during the Musharraf era, revealed that in 2007 the price agreed was 45 percent of crude oil parity and he questioned the agreement signed by the PPP-led coalition government setting the price at 82 percent of crude oil price in the international market. Dr Shah also suggested that the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) be directed to investigate the matter of pricing. Ever since, Iran has become an Islamic Republic it has not shown any soft corner for its predominantly Sunni neighbour - Pakistan - to lend it a helping hand. It was the Shah of Iran who agreed to establish a Pak-Iran Refinery project in Pakistan after establishment of a Pak-Iran textile project in Balochistan and also a paper mill in Karachi under the umbrella of an RCD project (Security Papers Limited). The refinery proposal was later shelved. In the eighties, Gen. Ziaul Haq used to be termed a President Jimmy Carter's poodle by Radio Tehran for Pakistan's increasing co-operation with the West opposing Soviet invasion of Afghanistan - another neighbour of Iran. Since the sanctions were hurting Iran economically and it was feeling isolated; Iran finally agreed to sign the gas contract with Pakistan without Indian participation (before imposition of sanctions, Iran was not willing to sign gas supply contract without Indian participation) and also provide help in the laying of pipeline on Pakistan's side which is estimated to cost 2 billion dollars. Pakistan is not blameless also in this on and off scenario on supply of gas. It has earlier tried to equate domestic cost gas with Iranian supply, ie, if Iran wanted $4 per mmcfd - Pakistan would offer $2 per mmcfd. Pakistan government under General Ziaul Haq was unwilling to annoy the American administration when the offer was made by an Australian company (BHP) which wanted to develop the South Pars gas field and lay a pipeline up to Sui. Zardari government finally agreed to purchase natural gas at 82 percent of the international oil price. PML-N on coming to power felt this was quite high as it would cost Pakistan 12 dollars per mmcfd. PML (N) government wrote to Iran to renegotiate and reduce the gas supply price. Now that Iran has laid the pipeline within a short distance from its Bandar Abbas port it has the option to use the same funds which it committed to Pakistan to put up a CNG liquefaction plant and a terminal for export of LNG to the Far East provided the Western sanctions are diluted. It may also be recalled that India backed out of the IP gas pipeline project even when the price was set at 45 percent of crude oil parity on the grounds that it is not economically feasible given the massive differential between the domestic gas price and the IP gas pipeline price. The price of IP gas is estimated at 12 dollars per million metric British Thermal Units (mmbtu) while Pakistan's domestic price of gas is only 4.5 dollars per mmbtu. Granted that 12 dollars per mmbtu is much cheaper than alternate sources of gas (namely from Turkmenistan) as well as LNG from Qatar yet the question arises as to why the previous government deemed it prudent to renegotiate a much higher price. There is no doubt that Iran has, over decades of negotiations on the IP gas pipeline project, succeeded in upping the price of IP gas several times. In other words, Iran may have actually taken advantage of the severe energy crisis in Pakistan and astutely negotiated the price to meet its own burgeoning economic needs to generate foreign exchange, an objective that was held hostage to the economic sanctions against the country. Pakistan therefore clearly came out as the loser in these negotiations. Thus there is a need to not only explore the possibility of price renegotiation given that this project's completion would be well before other mega projects notably ongoing hydel projects that would enhance generation capacity but also to stay the Finance Minister's hand to transfer dedicated funds (in GDS) to the treasury. We understand Pakistan is caught between the rock and a hard place. It wants to avoid imposition of UN sanctions or the anger of its main cash provider - the United States of America. Its failure of our foreign policy to make our friends in the West understand that an energy-starved Pakistan needs gas from Iran. At 12 dollars per mmcfd Iranian piped gas is cheaper than imported LNG. Equating either with imported LNG or lesser priced coal gasification is wrong. Both options require not only more investment but also time. It smacks of our failure not to meet the full potential of the economy. We are losing over two percent of growth due to energy shortages. Pakistan requires to tap all options ie Pak-Iran piped gas; LNG imports; imported coal as well as usage of domestic Thar coal; nuclear plus alternate fuels such as solar and wind to meet the growing needs of economy and domestic consumers.
Express NewsThe telephone exchange building in the Meli Khel area of Peshawar was blown up in a bomb explosion, Express News reported on Monday. The building was empty and therefore there was no loss of life.
The genocide being suffered by the Shia Hazaras in Balochistan seems to have no end in sight. On Friday, six innocent Shia Hazara coalminers working in the Macch area of Bolan district, were mercilessly gunned down for one reason only — their faith. No group or individual has come forward to claim responsibility but the finger of suspicion points towards the Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ), an extremist organisation that has been striking against the country’s Shia community, particularly the Hazaras. Coalminers in Macch have been attacked before for the same reason but this time the assailants were successful in inflicting fatalities. This is because the law enforcement agencies have not been able to protect the Shia Hazara community completely, despite improvement in their security in Quetta. One need not dig too far back to realise the extent of the butchery against the Hazaras. In January and February this year, the Hazara community in Quetta were targeted and 150 were killed in bomb attacks. The killings were so vicious that the frustrated community laid their dead out on the streets, demanding justice. However, this justice they wish to see seems to be little more than a wish so far. Hazaras are regularly being killed in Balochistan, with even Shia pilgrims travelling from and to Iran not being spared. There is a ruthless campaign against the Shias taking place right before our eyes but it seems as though we would prefer to keep them closed. To his credit, the new Chief Minister (CM) of Balochistan, Dr Abdul Malik Baloch, has taken some steps to make his capital city safe for the Shia community. One can see that no major attack on the Hazara community has taken place since his government took over because of the measures he has taken. However, the CM needs to be reminded that the atrocities perpetrated against the Hazaras are not limited to Quetta. Due to the tragic nature of sectarian crime, groups like the LeJ will leave no stone unturned in hunting down their prey. Their resolve can be seen when Shias are killed in all parts of the province just like they were in Macch on Friday. It is with a heavy heart that it must be admitted that this may not be the last attack on the Hazara community. The federal government must work with the provincial authorities in Balochistan to root out this evil before more such attacks occur.