Monday, August 19, 2013
The CIA has released documents which for the first time formally acknowledge its key role in the 1953 coup which ousted Iran's democratically elected Prime Minister, Mohammad Mossadeq. The documents were published on the independent National Security Archive on the 60th anniversary of the coup. They come from the CIA's internal history of Iran from the mid-1970s. "The military coup... was carried out under CIA direction as an act of US foreign policy," says one excerpt. The US role in the coup was openly referred to by then US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright in 2000, and by President Barack Obama in a 2009 speech in Cairo. But until now the intelligence agencies have issued "blanket denials" of their role, says the editor of the trove of documents, Malcolm Byrne. This is believed to be the first time the CIA has itself admitted the part it played in concert with the British intelligence agency, MI6. Mr Byrne says the documents are important not only for providing "new specifics as well as insights into the intelligence agency's actions before and after the operation", but because "political partisans on all sides, including the Iranian government, regularly invoke the coup". The documents were obtained by the NSA under the Freedom of Information Act. Iranians elected Mossadeq in 1951 and he quickly moved to renationalise the country's oil production, which had been under British control through the Anglo-Persian Oil Company - which later became British Petroleum or BP. That was a source of serious concern to the US and the UK, which saw Iranian oil as key to its post-war economic rebuilding. The Cold War was also a factor in the calculations. "[I]t was estimated that Iran was in real danger of falling behind the Iron Curtain; if that happened it would mean a victory for the Soviets in the Cold War and a major setback for the West in the Middle East," says coup planner Donald Wilber in one document written within months of the overthrow. "No remedial action other than the covert action plan set forth below could be found to improve the existing state of affairs." The documents show how the CIA prepared for the coup by placing anti-Mossadeq stories in both the Iranian and US media. The coup strengthened the rule of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi - who had just fled Iran following a power struggle with Mossadeq and returned following the coup, becoming a close ally of the US. The US and UK intelligence agencies bolstered pro-Shah forces and helped organise anti-Mossadeq protests. "The Army very soon joined the pro-Shah movement and by noon that day it was clear that Tehran, as well as certain provincial areas, were controlled by pro-Shah street groups and Army units," Wilber wrote. "By the end of 19 August... members of the Mossadeq government were either in hiding or were incarcerated." The Shah returned to Iran after the coup and only left power in 1979, when he was overthrown in the Islamic revolution.
WASHINGTON POSTAn Austrian collector has found what may be the oldest globe, dated 1504, to depict the New World, engraved with immaculate detail on two conjoined halves of ostrich eggs. The globe, about the size of a grapefruit, is labeled in Latin and includes what were considered exotic territories such as Japan, Brazil and Arabia. North America is depicted as a group of scattered islands. The globe’s lone sentence, above the coast of Southeast Asia, is “Hic Sunt Dracones.”“ ‘Here be dragons,’ a very interesting sentence,” said Thomas Sander, editor of the Portolan, the journal of the Washington Map Society. The journal published a comprehensive analysis of the globe Monday by collector Stefaan Missinne. “In early maps, you would see images of sea monsters; it was a way to say there’s bad stuff out there.” The only other map or globe on which this specific phrase appears is what can arguably be called the egg’s twin: the copper Hunt-Lenox Globe, dated around 1510 and housed by the Rare Book Division of the New York Public Library. Before the egg, the copper globe had been the oldest one known to show the New World. The two contain remarkable similarities. After comparing the two globes, Missinne concluded that the Hunt-Lenox Globe is a cast of the engraved ostrich egg. Many minute details, such as the lines and contours of the egg’s territories, oceans and script, match those on the well-studied Hunt-Lenox Globe. The egg’s shape is slightly irregular, while the copper globe is a perfect sphere. Also, the markings around the equator of the egg, where the two halves are joined, appear quite muddled. Missinne argues that the egg has shrunk and warped over time, and he confirmed a loss in shell density by using computed tomography. He also says the two halves were cast separately, then joined later with a type of glue that obscured the engravings around the equator. The egg, whose owner remains anonymous, was purchased in 2012 at the London Map Fair from a dealer who said it had been part of an important European collection for decades, according to Missinne. From there, Missinne, a real estate project developer originally from Belgium, consulted more than 100 scholars and experts in his year-long analysis of the globe. “He’s put about five years of research into one year,” said Sander, who called Missinne’s journey “an incredible detective story.” Missinne, 53, developed his passion for collecting exotic and rare objects 20 years ago, when he bought his first antique map — an 18th-century copper engraving of northern Germany — without knowing its origins and went on an investigation to find out more about it. “From prints and maps, you come to globes, and from globes, you come to other artifacts including art-chamber objects like this ostrich-egg globe,” he said. Missinne speculates that the egg could have loose connections to the workshop of Leonardo da Vinci, based on the etching of an Indian Ocean ship similar to one by an artist well-acquainted with Leonardo. The egg has no name engraved on it, so the maker remains unknown. But Sander thinks that someone from da Vinci’s time consolidated knowledge from travelers of the era and made the globe for an Italian noble family. “In that time period, the ostrich was quite the animal, and it was a big thing for the noble people to have ostriches in their back gardens,” Sander said. The globe passed from family to family, and after World War II, like many other precious artifacts, it was sold during times of economic crises, Sander and Missinne said. Other scholars who have heard about the egg said they find Missinne’s work impressive but want him to provide more details. “Where this thing comes from needs to be clarified,” said Chet Van Duzer of the John Carter Brown Library in Providence, R.I., an expert in Renaissance cartography. “It is an exciting discovery, no question, but I also think that more testing should be done.” John W. Hessler of the Library of Congress said he saw “a couple red flags that popped up” while reading Missinne’s paper. He has heard from a number of sources that Missinne is actually the anonymous owner of the globe, raising a possible conflict of interest, given that Missinne is touting the importance of the discovery. Missinne declined to comment on whether he owns the globe. Washington Map Society board member Jeffrey Katz said as long as the scholarly aspect is there, it doesn’t matter whether the author of the study is also the owner of the globe. “If he’s the owner, more power to him; if he isn’t the owner, same thing,” Katz said. And while Hessler said he finds the globe interesting, “the Leonardo connection is pure nonsense.” Duzer agreed that the link is “tenuous in the extreme.” Hessler described two types of people in the rare-book and map world: those who get overly excited at any new finding and those who are more skeptical. “I tend to be on the skeptical side,” he said.
By Olivier Knox, Yahoo! News It was Aug. 6, 2007, and President George W. Bush hadn’t told the truth. He had claimed, during a press conference with Afghan President Hamid Karzai, that Iran “has proclaimed its desire to build a nuclear weapon.” While the United States and its allies have long accused Tehran of trying to build an atomic arsenal, Iran has never openly declared that it wants nuclear weapons. The president had said something false. What was a reporter to do? The headline on my story called Bush’s claim “dubious.” The piece said he had delivered “an inaccurate accusation at a time of sharp tensions between Washington and Tehran.” I didn’t call it a lie (I still wouldn’t). A National Security Council official telephoned to say “good catch” and assure me the claim was a mistake and would not be repeated. It wasn’t. The current controversy around the National Security Agency surveillance programs has — once again — raised questions about the credibility of senior government officials. President Barack Obama assured Jay Leno that “there is no spying on Americans.” Director of National Intelligence James Clapper said he gave the “least untruthful” testimony he could when he told Congress that the NSA doesn’t collect information on millions of Americans. The leaks from former NSA contractor Edward Snowden paint a very different picture. But you probably won’t see a lot of “liar” labels from the mainstream media. (One exception: PolitiFact’s “Pants on Fire” rating, but even there the “liar, liar” is implicit.) Why not? And does it matter? Part of the answer is that we don’t necessarily know when someone is lying — meaning when they knowingly pass along something that isn’t true with the intent to deceive. One official told me Clapper’s assertion that the NSA doesn’t collect information about millions of Americans was technically true because the intelligence community definition of “collect” means that an analyst has reviewed the information. So the NSA could scoop up millions of phone records and that wouldn’t technically count as “collection.” More broadly, there is the thinking that if someone believes their statement to be technically true, it doesn't meet the definition of lying — at least for reporting purposes. On Main Street, it can be a different story. “I do think the blogosphere is too quick to say ‘You guys are pansies 'cause you won’t say lie,’” Ron Fournier, the National Journal writer who worked for years at The Associated Press, told Yahoo News. “We should save the liar label for when we have goods — when not only is the information wrong, it’s knowingly wrong,” said Fournier. But Ron disagreed that the “technically true” standard applied to Clapper. “When Director Clapper admits to Congress that he told a partial truth, or an untruth, and then justifies it — whether you think it’s credible or not, because it’s national security — he’s given us the goods to say ‘That’s a lie.’” There’s another aspect to the “knowingly untrue” standard. For years, I’ve (mentally) plotted sources on a graph where one axis is “honesty” and the other is “knowledge.” Some sources know a lot but aren’t totally honest; others are totally honest but don’t know a lot. (And then there are those officials I trust so little that if they told me “good morning,” I would need a second source to confirm it.) A source could be 100 percent forthcoming — but the information could still be misleading because they don't have the full picture. What happens when an official is given bad information — and repeats it? That can put the institution on the hook (“The Pentagon lied…”) but the individual could have acted in good faith. “We’re told untruths and half truths and partial truths every day, and we should call them out,” Fournier said. “‘I am not a crook’? Richard Nixon lied. ‘I did not have sexual relations with that woman…’? Bill Clinton lied.” (Cue 15-year-old debate over whether the dictionary definition of “sexual relations” includes Clinton’s behavior with Monica Lewinsky. Some Democrats argued it technically did not.) Because lying involves an intent to deceive, there’s another hurdle. Let’s call it the “misspeak” hurdle. Shockingly, government officials sometimes just get stuff wrong. They’re sure that something is true. It isn’t. It’s not reassuring to hear a plea of incompetence (“The congressman misspoke”), and sometimes it’s laughably incredible. But it happens. Does it matter whether reporters use the word "lie"? Independent national security reporter Marcy Wheeler, who doesn’t hesitate to use the word, says it does — especially in the ongoing debate about government surveillance. When it comes to officials who make “demonstrably false” claims, “they should not be trusted in the debate, because they violated our trust,” she told Yahoo News. This is especially true in the NSA debate because government officials benefit from “information asymmetry” — they have access to the nation’s secrets, and the public ordinarily doesn’t have the information necessary to judge their statements. In effect, the public is trusting them to provide an incomplete but accurate description of what the government is doing in order to have an honest debate. “Once somebody has made one of these outrageous comments, then I just think they’re not entitled to credibility,” Wheeler told Yahoo News. “It’s sorta my job to point that out.” So why don’t mainstream media reporters use the word? For fear of alienating officials who might provide the, uhhh, raw material for their next story. “There’s a sense that you don’t want to call them liars, even while acknowledging that they misled, because you won’t be entitled to those droppings in the future,” she said. But calling an official’s comments “false” or “inaccurate” or putting their quote next to facts that flatly contradict it can serve the same purpose as calling out a “lie” — and doesn’t require assessing someone’s understanding of the facts, or motives. “The president said the government doesn’t spy on us. Whether or not that’s a lie, or we call it a lie, is not that important. The information was wrong. We do know that the government is spying on us,” according to Fournier. “His credibility is hurt. You don’t have to slap the lie label on that for his credibility to be hurt,” he said. And it's not a particularly awesome time for the government — or the media — to lose more credibility. Then again, the most famous story about the honest nature of a (future) politician — Washington and the cherry tree — is a lie. Probably.
Bo is a big brother! President Barack Obama and Michelle Obama have welcomed a new addition to their family -- a puppy named Sunny. The Obamas -- Barack, 52, Michelle, 49, Malia, 15, Sasha, 12, and dog Bo. Introduced the newest member of their family with a special YouTube video and photos of the adorable new pup."Sunny was born in Michigan in June 2012, and arrived at the White House today," they announced on The White House Blog. "Just like Bo, she's a Portuguese Water Dog, which works great for the Obamas because of allergies in their family. Sunny is the perfect little sister for Bo -- full of energy and very affectionate -- and the First Family picked her name because it fit her cheerful personality."The announcement also mentioned how First Lady Michelle told reporters in October that she hosted a "doggie play date" because "Bo doesn't have enough dog interaction." That problem has now been solved! The statement continued, "We suspect Sunny will follow in Bo's footsteps and keep the President company in the Oval Office, go for walks with the First Family after their 6:30 family dinner and even jump up on the First Lady's lap from time to time!"On Monday, Michelle tweeted a photo of her two dogs with the caption, "So excited to introduce the newest member of the Obama family -- our puppy, Sunny!"
Hillary Clinton has started to re-enter the public spotlight, very possibly beginning a new stage of her career that may lead to the presidential election of 2016. In recent appearances, Clinton seems energized and spirited. She has already begun to talk about issues like women's rights and voting rights, causes that have animated her for decades. Gone is the constrained demeanor that turned off many potential supporters in previous years. The real Hillary Clinton seems to be emerging. Republicans are instantly attacking as might be expected. Former House speaker and presidential candidate Newt Gingrich, an arch nemesis of the Clintons in the 1990s, warned that she was promoting "left-wing ideas" that would lead to her defeat.Those kinds of attacks won't have the same weight as they did eight years ago. The former first lady, senator, and secretary of state is in excellent position to run the kind of campaign that is true to her history, in large part because of the impact that President Obama has had in the past six years. Democrats are more confident about throwing their support behind a candidate who stands proudly for the key tenets of the liberal tradition: a belief that government can help solve social problems in the United States. Unlike her husband, who felt in the early 1990s that he had to emphasize his centrist, new Democratic credentials, President Obama has opened the doors for a Democrat to build their campaigns on the tradition of the New Deal and Great Society, rather than running away from that legacy. How did President Obama make this happen? Most important, the president has been far more assertive in his willingness to use the federal government to address big domestic challenges than many Democrats who preceded him. The Affordable Care Act put into place a large series of regulations aimed at providing better and more accessible care for a health care system whose costs had spun out of control.The Dodd-Frank Act provided a regulatory framework to prevent the kind of risky behavior that led to the 2008 financial crash, and the economic stimulus provided government money to help get the economy moving again. Since his re-election in 2012, an important mark for Democrats that these kinds of policies don't result in inevitable defeat, Obama has also fought back against the austerity drives of the GOP, defending key government programs from the scalpel. After the Supreme Court weakened the Voting Rights Act, Obama vowed to protect the law and Attorney General Eric Holder announced that he would not allow states to violate rights. Though hesitant at first, President Obama has embraced the major social movement of our day—gay rights—taking a more progressive stand than any president before him. In short, President Obama has broken an important barrier for Clinton, or any other Democrat, by allowing members of his party to be proud of their ideals and challenging the notion that the only way for their party to win is to agree with the right. President Obama has also shifted the center of political debate by driving Republicans further to the right ever since the 2010 midterms. Tea party Republicans have placed immense pressure on the Republican leadership to take harder line stances on issues like the budget. Republicans moved so far to the right they have made liberal Democrats seem much more moderate. Liberal Democrats, who back in the 1990s could still be attacked as "the far left" can appear more "reasonable" to the mainstream when compared with conservative Republicans. The tea party has also opened the door to Clinton, as Obama discovered with Mitt Romney in 2012, to build a campaign that argues the GOP is too extreme to govern. In a very different way, President Obama has created a huge opportunity for Hillary Clinton because of his failures. Despite his accomplishments, he has failed to make progress on a number of important issues that Clinton can embrace as central to her platform, setting her up to be a leader who can complete and move beyond what President Obama has started. The most important is the economic insecurity of the middle class. The sluggish economic recovery and historically high rates of inequality, which Obama himself laments but has not been able to reverse, give Clinton a potent theme to run on. Gingrich might call such rhetoric left wing, but for millions of Americans it will strike the exact right chord. Clinton, who demonstrated her skill on the international stage, also has a chance to address some of the disappointments with President Obama's foreign policy. Many Democrats are watching the events in Egypt, deeply concerned that the unraveling of democracy will undermine the kinds of promises that Obama made about liberal internationalism and the ability of diplomacy to solve global problems without resort to war. Many Democrats are also unhappy with the ongoing revelations about how Obama continued with President Bush's war on terror programs, making them even more robust with extensive NSA surveillance and drone attacks. Unlike most of the Democrats who are considering entering into the campaign, Clinton now has an extensive record of experience on foreign policy that will bolster her credentials as she talks about what she would do to correct these problems. If she tackles these issues effectively, she could energize support from liberals in her party who previously dismissed her as the candidate of the status quo. Even if President Obama's approval ratings decline further, Clinton has an opportunity to win public support using the framework Obama put forward. Hillary Clinton now has an excellent chance to put together the kind of presidential campaign that was elusive in 2008, one that could very well give the nation its first female president. In the coming months she will have to decide whether she wants to take this step or to instead focus on her work as a global leader outside government. But the opportunity for her is there and Obama, who once was engaged with her in some of the most bitter fights that Democrats have seen among their own in many years, has changed the terms of the debate in ways that will greatly benefit her.
Israel's Former defense min. to 'Post': Israel should stay out of Egypt.Israel should stay out of the turmoil in Cairo and focus on peace talks, MK Binyamin Ben-Eliezer (Labor) said Monday, after an Israeli official said Jerusalem is telling governments that the key issue is not democracy, but to keep Egypt from falling apart. "Israel shouldn't get involved in an internal Egyptian matter," Ben-Eliezer, a former defense minister, told The Jerusalem Post. "I really hope Israel will focus more on the peace process and increase cooperation with the Egyptian army to ensure quiet in Sinai and stop militants from shooting at aircraft." Ben-Eliezer pointed to violence in Syria, Lebanon and Iraq in recent weeks, saying "it's not a simple issue" and that Israel should "push forward in the peace process so we aren't blamed for almost everything." While the Labor MK said he does not know what the government is telling the US and Europe, he relayed a similar message to The Jerusalem Post. "[Deposed Egyptian Islamist President Muhammad] Morsi is trying to lead Egypt to be something similar to Iran," Ben-Eliezer explained. "The  revolution overturned a military dictatorship, but [Egypt's army chief General Abdel Fattah] al-Sisi understands that Morsi wants an Islamic dictatorship – not Muslim, Islamic, which means they believe jihad [holy war] is permissible." Ben-Eliezer said the Muslim Brotherhood wants to turn Egypt into an Islamic Republic like Iran with revolutionary guards that support violence and terror. According to Ben-Eliezer, al-Sisi learned that underground militias with weapons were being formed and realized he's dealing with terrorist groups. Though he was not democratically elected, "al-Sisi wouldn't have made this move if he didn't have the backing of most, about 80 percent, of the Egyptian people," the former defense minister added. "The West is making a mistake to some extent by saying that the nation chose Morsi and he was democratically elected. That's true, but there have been fascist regimes that took advantage of democracies to rise to power. I don't want to give examples, but those who know history know what I'm talking about," Ben-Eliezer stated, in what seemed to be a thinly-veiled reference to Hitler. Ben-Eliezer added that al-Sisi did not have a choice but to depose Morsi, because the army's job is to defend and protect the Egyptian nation and prevent chaos. As for Israel's peace treaty with Egypt, the Labor MK is confident that there is no danger. "The Egyptian Army won't give up [on the peace treaty]. The army is its own kingdom within Egypt, and it protects the peace treaty because it understands its joint interests with Israel," he stated. Ben-Eliezer said there is cooperation and coordination in intelligence and military action between Egypt and Israel. At the same time, he expressed concern about the execution of 25 Egyptian soldiers in the Sinai on Monday, saying the news is "inauspicious." "It just shows what I've been saying – these are terrorist organizations and jihad is part of their worldview," Ben-Eliezer concluded.
Egypt's ousted leader Mohamed Morsi was accused Monday of complicity in the deaths and torture of protesters outside his presidential palace in late 2012, judicial sources said. He already stands accused of crimes related to his 2011 escape from prison, and the new allegations mean his current detention will be extended by 15 days started next week. Read more: http://voiceofrussia.com/news/2013_08_19/Morsi-accused-of-complicity-in-2012-protest-death-6005/
http://www.egyptindependent.com/On Monday, the Cairo Criminal Court cleared former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak of financial corruption related to the renovation of presidential palaces during his rule. Mostafa Baz, Assistant Interior Minister for the Prisons Sector, said Mubarak will remain in custody pending investigation over charges of obtaining illicit gifts from the state-run al-Ahram press organization. The only legal grounds for Mubarak's continued detention rest on another corruption case which will be cleared up later this week, Mubarak’s lawyer, Farid al-Deeb told Reuters. "All we have left is a simple administrative procedure that should take no more than 48 hours. He should be freed by the end of the week," Deeb said. Former Prosecutor General Talaat Abdallah had referred Mubarak and his two sons, Alaa and Gamal, to trial over charges of seizing general budget allocations devoted for the renovation of presidential palaces. Mubarak and his sons had been accused of seizing more than LE1 billion over the past 10 years. The Administrative Control Authority said that Mubarak abused his power as president for profiteering and acquiring huge sums from the state budget to perform fake construction at the presidential palaces. The money was instead alleged to have been directed to private villas. Once disclosed, media referred to the case as the biggest instance of corruption under the former leader who stepped down in 2011 over massive popular protests. The criminal court on Monday returned the case to prosecution services in order to add new defendants. Mubarak had been released pending investigations over other charges but has remained in custody as he is still facing trials over multiple other charges of murder and corruption, including this case.
The Sindh Assembly has passsed the Local Government Bill during its session on Monday, Geo News reported. The Pakistan People’s Party presented its local government bill in the Sindh Assembly for approval amid much hue and cry from the opposition. As the bill was presented by the provincial Law Minister Sikandar Mandhro, members of the MQM chanted slogans against it rejecting the bill and likening it to the 1979 local government system. The leader of the opposition, MQM’s Faisal Subzwari said the bill was in conflict with article 140-A of the constitution while adding that copies of the bill-spanning over 120 pages-were not provided before the assembly session for scrutiny. The bill was approved amid protest from certain members who said they were not given time to scrutinize the bill and therefore were not in a position to propose amendments.
The Express Tribune NewsA state run boy’s school was blown up in Mohmand Agency on Monday. The number of destroyed schools in Mohmand has been recorded at 110, where about 30 are under construction. The school Malik Meer Dad is located in Mozi Kor Ghazi Baig area of upper Mohmand Tehsil Haleemzai. The two-room school building was partially destroyed as a result of the explosion. Twelve people, including the school owner, have been arrested in the search operation under the joint responsibility clause of the Frontier Crimes Regulation (FCR), said Upper Mohmand Assistant Political Agent Jamshed Khan. Mohmand agency is among those tribal agencies where educational institutions have faced such attacks. Safi is the most affected areawhere about 80 percent of the schools have been destroyed. Educational activities were not in progress yet in these areas, with exception of those where the Pakistan Army has made and rebuilt institutions like Soran pass. The remaining schools are in the pipeline for reconstruction with UAE Government assistance. These schools were closed in 2008 due to militancy in the area and the education department announced in 2011 that all these schools were reopened. According to Sajjid Khan, a student of Lakaro Safi, GHS Lakaro was closed in 2008 and has not been reopened. The government has shown the school as open in the paper, said Sajjid. He goes to GHS Nahqi Haleemzai which is about 15 km away from his house. Mohmand Agency PA Khushal Khan, in his speech on 14 August, urged the tribal elders to help the admin reopen such ghost schools and said that he will terminate all those who fail to deliver in future. FATA which is bordering Afghanistan is a militancy hit area where about 476 educational institutions have been destroyed according to FATA education department statistics. The Government, Pakistani army and different NGOs are working on rebuilding it, as a majority of the residents have migrated and their children are now studying in the areas they migrated to while others have left studies due to migration.
Afghan President Hamid Karzai has sacked his attorney-general after the chief law officer held an unsanctioned meeting with Taliban peace negotiators in the United Arab Emirates, a senior Afghan official and a legislator told Reuters on Monday. Attorney-general Muhammad Isaaq Aloko met members of a Taliban peace negotiation team in Dubai, despite being told by the presidential palace not to attend the meeting, the official said. "He was instructed not to go," said the official, who declined to be identified. A prominent member of parliament also said Aloko had been sacked. But an official in Aloko's office denied his boss had been dismissed, saying he was at the presidential palace "celebrating Independence Day" on Monday. Peace talks between the Karzai administration and the Taliban are seen as crucial to averting another round of war as Afghanistan's NATO-led force prepares to end its military mission by the end of next year. Talks with the Taliban began in 2010 but they have been marked by a series of missteps, delays and allegations of plotting and interference. The senior Afghan official said some senior cabinet members were trying to persuade Karzai to reverse his decision to dismiss Aloko. The meeting in Dubai was in the first week of August and involved other prominent Afghans including members of the government's High Peace Council, which Karzai set up in 2010 to pursue talks with the Taliban.
http://www.pajhwok.com/Afghanistan is celebrating its 94th Independence Day today (Monday), with a series of event marking the day being held in the central capital Kabul and other major cities. Afghanistan, which has never been under British occupation, won freedom from the United Kingdom 94 years ago during former King Ghazi Amanullah Khan's rule. The day dawned with a 21-cannon salute from the Ministry of Defence in Kabul before President Hamid Karzai laid a floral wreath on the Freedom Monument. Independence Day celebrations have been a low-key affair after a militant assault spoiled an event in front of the Eidgah Mosque five years ago, forcing President Karzai and other leaders to leave the venue. A number of world leaders, including Russian, Korean, Bhutanese, Italian, Uzbekistan, Algerian and Australian leaders greeted President Karzai and wished peace and stability in Afghanistan.
An Indian general warned Pakistan on Sunday that it was making a “serious mistake” and said a “befitting reply” would be given with “full force” at a time and place of India’s choosing. “You (Pakistan) are making a serious mistake (with regard to ceasefire violations and BAT attacks) — do not do it,” General Officer Commanding Major General V.P. Singh told reporters in Rajouri, India-held Kashmir. He was replying to a volley of questions about what strong message he wanted to convey to Pakistan with regard to alleged ceasefire violations and what India had described as “border action team” (BAT) attacks on Indian posts along the Line of Control in Poonch. According to Indian officials, BAT is a mix of “Pakistani special forces personnel and terrorists” who carry out attacks on Indian targets. “What you are putting across, it is not going to affect, deter us or weaken our resolve,” General Singh said. Regarding the Indian army’s strategy in the wake of the alleged BAT attacks, Gen Singh said: “As far as BAT action is concerned, we are absolutely aware what kind of response it (Pakistan) is going to get — that response will be delivered.”
Perhaps one should not be surprised that a trial court has exonerated Khalid Jadoon Chishti of all charges in the concocted blasphemy case against a young Christian girl Rimsha Masih dating back to November 2012. His acquittal became inevitable when the witnesses in the case resiled from their original testimony that it was not Rimsha but the cleric who had desecrated the Quran and falsely accused the girl. In court they stated they had been coerced by the police into pointing the finger of blame at Chishti. This flip-flop by the witnesses compelled the court to give a verdict in favour of the cleric. Whether the witnesses were lying then or now is difficult to prove. Their original statement, taken by the police in the absence of a magistrate, was nullified in court. However, one cannot rule out the possibility of pressure on the witnesses to take their words back. The history of blasphemy cases is riddled with such injustices. The accused in a blasphemy case, usually implicated on false charges, have either been killed through an engineered mob or incarcerated for an indefinite period, having all the doors to judicial recourse shut on them. Those brave few who dared raise their voice against this misuse of the blasphemy law were brutally murdered, such as the Governor Punjab Salmaan Taseer and Federal Minister for Minorities Shahbaz Bhatti. The irony is that the injustice is allowed to continue by maintaining the flawed blasphemy law intact, making no effort to improve the weak prosecution regime, and ignoring the urgent need for a witness protection system (which would also help in terrorism cases). All this enables false blasphemy accusers like Chishti to literally bet away with murder. Rimsha, who was falsely accused of desecrating the Quran by Chishti, the cleric of her neighbourhood mosque, was put in jail in August 2012 on blasphemy charges. The case caught worldwide attention because the girl was not only a minor but mentally challenged. It was not the first time that a Christian had to face this kind of ordeal at the hands of a few miscreants posing as offended Muslims. There are still many Christians, such as Aasia Masih (in defence of whom Salmaan Taseer paid with his life), and others, who are rotting in jail for lack of credible due process, a fundamental right of every citizen of Pakistan. Rimsha’s case was stage managed to panic the residents of the Christian slum in suburban Islamabad where she lived so that they would flee for fear of their lives, leaving the area free to be occupied by land grabbers on whose behest Chishti appears to have been working. Blasphemy charges have been used as a convenient tool by land mafias to get their dirty job done hidden behind the fig leaf of religion, as well as to settle scores, vendettas, etc. The recent incident of Joseph Colony in Lahore was another example of such skullduggery. The lacuna in the law of being able to get away scot-free with false blasphemy accusation must be plugged. If the government is unable to repeal or amend the blasphemy law, a cowardice on display by successive governments, at the very least the strengthening of the prosecution and witness protection system and penalties for false accusation must be introduced to earn our claim of a state and society wedded to the principles of justice.
By AnuQuetta violencerag Tripathi
THE BALOCH HALOn August 8, 2013, at least 38 persons, including 21 Policemen, were killed and another 40 were injured in a suicide bombing at a funeral in the Police Lines area of Quetta, the provincial capital of Balochistan. Among those killed were Deputy Inspector General (DIG) Operations, Fayyaz Ahmed Sumbal; Superintendent of Police (SP), Headquarters, Mehrullah; Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) Shamsur Rehman; SP Traffic, Mohammad Anwer Khilji; Inspector Shakeel Akbar; and five personnel of the Anti-Terrorist Force (ATF). The majority of the injured personnel were from the Balochistan Constabulary, ATF, and Police. According to sources, Inspector General (IG) Balochistan, Mustahq Ahmed Shukera and Capital City Police Officer (CCPO) Mir Zubair Mehmood were the prime targets of the attack. However, they escaped the blast since they arrived at the location just minutes later. The bomber struck when the officers and personnel had gathered to pay their last respects to the Station House Officer (SHO) of the City Police Station, Mohibullah, who had been killed by terrorists in the Killi Almo area of Quetta earlier in the day. The terrorists had opened indiscriminate fire on a Police van, killing the SHO and injuring six others. The Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) claimed responsibility for both incidents. A day later, on August 9, 2013, eight persons were killed and several others were injured when terrorists opened fire targeting former Provincial Minister Ali Madad Jattak, in the Eastern bypass area of Quetta, during Eid prayers. Jattak, however, survived in the attack. According to partial data compiled by the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP), Quetta alone has recorded at least 1,325 fatalities [1,091 civilians, 189 Security Force (SF) personnel, and 45 terrorists] out of a total of 4,217 fatalities (2,813 civilians, 787 SF personnel and 617 terrorists) in the Balochistan Province, since 2004 (all data till August 11, 2013). The Province has already recorded 702 fatalities (537civilians, 105 SF personnel and 60 terrorists) in 2013, of which 369 fatalities (309 civilians, 43 SF personnel, and 17 terrorists) were killed in Quetta alone. The current year has already recorded the highest fatalities in Quetta. Some of the major incidents (involving three or more killings) in Quetta in 2013 include: June 30: At least 28 Shias were killed and 60 were injured when a suicide bomber blew himself up near the Abu Talib Imambargah (Shia place of worship) in the Aliabad area of Hazara Town in Quetta. June 15: At least 14 female students, four nurses and four SF personnel, including Quetta Deputy Commissioner of Police Abdul Mansur Khan, were killed and another 27 sustained injuries when unidentified terrorists first blew up a bus of the Sardar Bahadur Khan (SBK) Women’s University in Quetta, and subsequently carried out a blast inside the Bolan Medical College’s teaching hospital in the city, where the injured were admitted. May 23: 13 persons, including 12 Balochistan Constabulary (BC) personnel, were killed and another 17 sustained injuries in an explosion near Link Badini Road in Quetta. May 12: Balochistan Inspector General of Police Mushtaq Sukhera narrowly escaped a suicide attack in the high security zone on Zarghoon Road in Quetta that killed at least six persons and injured 46. February 16, 2013: A remote-controlled bomb targeting Shias killed 84 persons, including women and children, and wounded another 200 in Quetta. January 10: At least 117 persons were killed and over 216 were injured in three separate bomb blasts in Quetta. At 8.30 pm, a suicide bomber blew himself up inside a snooker club on Alamdar Road, which has two Shia prayer halls. Within 10 minutes, as Police, rescuers and media persons rushed to the site, another bomb fixed to a vehicle parked nearby went off. The twin blasts killed 105 persons and injured another 169. Earlier in the day, at 3.50 pm, a powerful bomb exploded under a Frontier Corps (FC) vehicle near a public plaza and crowded food market at the busy Bacha Khan Chowk, killing 12 persons and injuring 47. Anti-Shia extremist formations including the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and the Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) are the principal perpetrator of violence in Quetta. In 2013 five incidents resulting in 239 fatalities have been claimed by the LeJ, and another two incidents, resulting in 39 fatalities, were claimed by the TTP. Separately, Baloch nationalist groups have claimed responsibility for six killings in two incidents. The remaining the fatalities remain unclaimed. Significantly, Northern Balochistan, of which Quetta is a part, is dominated by Islamist terrorist outfits and Sunni sectarian formations such as the TTP and the LeJ. A multiplicity of Baloch nationalist groupings operate principally in South Balochistan. According to the SATP database, since 2004, the Baloch insurgency-affected regions of South Balochistan have accounted for at least 1,684 fatalities, including 940 civilians, 413 SF personnel and 331 terrorists. The Northern areas of the Province, under the influence of Islamist and Sunni sectarian terrorist formations, LeJ and TTP, recorded 2,533 fatalities, including 1,981 civilians, 403 SF personnel and 149 terrorists, over the same period. Since 2004, 243 civilian killings (141 in the South and 102 in the North) have been claimed by Baloch separatist formations such as the Baloch Republican Army (BRA), Baloch Liberation Army (BLA), Balochistan Liberation Tigers (BLT) and United Baloch Army (UBA). The Islamist extremist formations, primarily LeJ and TTP, claimed responsibility for the killing of 422 civilians, all in North, mostly in Quetta. The remaining 2,103 civilian fatalities remain unattributed. As SAIR has noted, a large proportion of the ‘unattributed’ fatalities, particularly in the Southern region, are believed to be the result of enforced disappearances carried out by state agencies, or by their proxies, prominently including the Tehrik-e-Nafaz-e-Aman Balochistan (TNAB, Movement for the Restoration of Peace, Balochistan). Sectarian violence orchestrated by Islamabad-backed Islamist formations is also responsible for a significant proportion of civilian fatalities. Evidently, the Islamist terrorist formations have created havoc in Quetta in particular and Balochistan at large, with Government failing to respond. On July 2, 2013, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, during his visit to Quetta, indirectly conceded the failure of an adequate state response, “The administration here needs to bring improvement in their governance and the authorities in police need to realize their duty.” Sharif pointed out that Quetta was a ‘small city of around 20 lanes’ and that it should not be too hard to secure such a place. As in other areas of Pakistan, it is the collusion and complicity of elements within the state establishment that have created spaces for the proliferation of terrorist groupings, and have inhibited effective state responses against the terrorists. It is significant that Quetta has long been the operational base of a number of terrorist formations operating in Afghanistan with the backing of the Inter Services Intelligence. Given Islamabad’s unchanged game plan to continue with its mischief in Afghanistan, and to use Sunni extremist mobilization and terror as an instrument for domestic political management, the present crisis can only deepen. (Courtesy: Eurasia Review)
Editor’s note: This incident highlights, yet again, the intellectually dishonest approach of Pakistan’s intelligentsia when the falsely misrepresent Shia Genocide is a Shia-Sunni war and Saudi-Iran Proxy war. The Ismailis, a Shia sub-sect are a low profile community who have made positive contributions to Pakistan’s health and education sectors. Their targetting by extremist Takfiri terrorists proves that the latter are the problem and simply cannot tolerate the other. The media should not, in good faith, allow such terrorists to present their justifications without challenging their bigotry and intolerance. The attack on Ismail Shia muslims once again highlight that blaming the victim will not solve anything. Its time to condemn the Takfiri Deobandi-Salafist terrorists without any ifs, buts, or etc instead of entertaining absurd justifications. Similarly the Shia Bohra Community was attacked last year.Rather than serving as a moment to gauge the country’s progress and success, 14th August has become a day for frenzied reveling in God knows what. This year was no exception, with a couple of people killed and scores injured by the bullets fired aimlessly to rejoice in Pakistan’ birthday. Just a day before 14th August, along the nation’s celebratory passage to its Independence Day, something important occurred that could be a bad omen for a very peaceful community within the country. This involved grenade attacks on Ismaili community’s places of worship – the Jamatkhanas at Karimabad and Metroville Karachi. A 26 year old woman and her four year old daughter were killed and over 40 others injured. At Karimabad, the hand grenade was hurled from outside the main entrance at 7:15 pm – 15 minutes before the evening prayer. The site of the blast was the front lawn, an area designated for women and children. The explosion caused some infrastructure damage, including shattered glass windows. That this display of barbarism happened against a community that actively seeks to remain uncontroversial, whose members have contributed a lot to Pakistan’s creation and its economy, and which stands out in Pakistan through its civility is a frightfully ominous reminder that nobody is safe. Meanwhile, Karachi City Police Chief Ghulam Qadir Thebo said that the Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi nexus was suspected to be responsible for the attacks, because similar threats had been issued by outlawed militant organisations last year. The police chief explained that the TTP issued a warning letter to the Aga Khan Foundation regarding death sentences of two convicts, Attaullah alias Qasim and Mohammad Azam alias Sharif. Both were to be executed on June 26, 2012, in the murder case of Dr Ali Raza Pirani. A member of the Aga Khan community had served as a key witness in the case. However, President Zardari had put a stay on their execution, which is in keeping with the PPP government’s collusion with the terrorist organizations. Nevertheless, with a new government now in the saddle, black warrants for both convicts had been re-issued recently and the prisoners are scheduled to be hanged soon.. The police are looking into the possibility of the organizations having carried out the attack to harass and intimidate the Ismaili community. No wonder this has immensely worried the community in a country where their cousins in faith –twelver Shias- are already being killed in huge numbers and other minorities in faith are also ceaselessly persecuted. So far Ismailis had somehow managed to escape the wrath of the extremists and they would surely be worried by getting some attention from the extremists. The grenade attacks were an overt attempt to hurt, maim, or kill Ismailis. This horrific attack has outraged the community’s leaders. Understandably, this assault on yet another community in the country got little attention as people in the country took out silencers from the motorbikes, fired shots in the air, raised our ‘green’ flags to the skies and marched in their thousands in all the squares. Little did it seem to matter that the spate of attacks since the new governments at the centre and the provinces took over shows that Pakistan –like under the PPP rule- continues to be a state below the functioning standards, where the militants reign supreme. The quality deemed most odious in the humans —savagery in its many forms— is amply displayed by the actions and attitudes of the Jihadists. There idea of religion enfolds enactment of barbarian virtues and the imposition of their brand of faith. To facilitate their gory task, and to justify it, these militants indoctrinate their followers to dehumanize the enemy. The contamination does not stop with militants;it eventually affects the society they dwell in. For example, Tamils justified Tiger atrocities including child conscription. Similarly many Sinhalese try to ignore/excuse the horrendous content of ‘Killing Fields’. An honest present day description of Pakistan would constitute an exploration of a horrific world of oppression, terror, callousness, and human suffering. Denial cannot slay this Hydra; the only way is for the nation to unite and fight the war that it has been in for the past ten years. We need to accept the reality and make a sincere and serious effort to fight for our survival. The extremists are the country’s real enemy and they must be beaten back. Recognition of internal barbarity must be dealt with within the self, not through denial or unconvincing attacks on others. Our struggle continues to beckon for the past ten years – one in which the horror of self-righteousness and human potential for cruelty are laid bare. - See more at: http://lubpak.com/archives/281507#sthash.txUNZBlz.dpuf